Erg theory is a modification of maslow's hierarchy, where the five needs are collapsed into three categories (existence, relatedness, and growth) the two-factor theory differentiates between factors that make people dissatisfied on the job (hygiene factors) and factors that truly motivate employees. Maslow's theory is a general theory on motivation which states that the urge to satisfy needs is the most important factor in motivation herzberg's theory on motivation says that there are various factors existing at the workplace that causes job satisfaction or dissatisfaction. Hierarchy of needs, mcgregor's theory x and theory y, alderfer's (erg) modified need hierarchy model, herzberg's two factors theory and mccelland's achievement theory content theory approaches to motivation. Herzberg's two-factor theory of motivation in 1959, frederick herzberg, a behavioural scientist proposed a two-factor theory or the motivator-hygiene theory according to herzberg, there are some job factors that result in satisfaction while there are other job factors that prevent dissatisfaction.
The two-factor theory (also known as herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory and dual-factor theory) states that there are certain factors in the workplace that cause job satisfaction, while a separate set of factors cause dissatisfaction. Criticism • critics of herzberg's theory argue that the two-factor result is observed because it is natural for people to take credit for satisfaction and to blame dissatisfaction on external factors. Which of the following comparisons of alderfer's erg theory and maslow's needs hierarchy is correct a) erg theory collapses maslow's five need levels into two need categories b) erg theory includes a frustration-digression component, but maslow's theory does not. The main difference between abraham maslow's and frederick herzberg's theories is that the former assumed all human needs were motivators while the latter did not the two were contemporaries and developed their theories in the 1950s.
Difference between maslow and herzberg theory of motivation is that, maslow's theory is concerned about different levels of needs which affect the motivation levels of the employees herzberg's two factor theory is concerned about the relationship between the employee satisfaction and motivation levels both these theories are concerned about the ways of increasing the motivation levels of employees. This paper aims to investigate the relationship between maslow's hierarchy of needs, and herzberg's dual factor theory thus, the details that will contribute to management is intended to achieve. Maslow's physiological and saftey needs are similar to herzberg's hygiene factors because they are essential to life for example, to reach safety needs in maslow's pyramid, money has to be earned and a salary is a hygiene factor in herzberg's theory. In a reaction to maslow's hierarchy of needs also known as valence, instrumentality, expectancy (vie) theory, examines the relationship between worker motivation and each of these three.
That there is a clear relationship between maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, herzberg's two factor theory of motivation and mcclelland's need for achievement theory. The theories, mg4031 midterm assignement livia boerner maslow's hierarchy of needs and herzberg's two-factor theory 5 however, are human needs theories and hence do not concentrate on the workplace itself but on the individual behind it.
Mcgregor's theory y matches much of maslow's self-actualization level of motivation it is based on the assumption that self-direction, self-control, and maturity control motivation reward systems must correspond to intrinsic factors if employees are to be motivated. Herzberg's motivation hygiene theory is often called the two factor theory and focuses on those sources of motivation which are pertinent to the accomplishment of work. Maslow, a behavioral scientist and contemporary of herzberg's, developed a theory about the rank and satisfaction of various human needs and how people pursue these needs these theories are widely cited in the business literature.
Frederick herzberg, whose study was published a few years after maslow's in the 1950s, imagined a two-factor model of motivational needs herzberg, whose study was based on research in actual workplaces (a key difference between his work and maslow's), thought that that people were essentially motivated by two types of factors, or needs. Content theories about motivation abraham maslow's hierarchy of needs when motivation theory is being considered the first theory that is being recalled is maslow's hierarchy of needs which he has introduced in his 1943 article named as a theory of human motivation. Herzberg's two-factor theory, mcclelland's need theory, and maslow's hierarchy of needs all talk about higher-level psychological needs such as achievement, recognition, responsibility, and advancement. 1 maslow's hierarchy of needs theory 2 mcgregor's theory x and they y 3 herzberg's two-factor theory 4 mcclelland's theory of needs these theories may not be accurate, but they do form the basis for contemporary theories and are still used by practicing managers.
The needs of individuals at a higher level of hierarchy of maslow have been referred as motivators by herzberg thus herzberg two factor theories is nothing but an addition to maslow theory of motivation. Maslow's need hierarchy is a sequential arrangement of needs, whereas, herzberg's model does not have any such hierarchical arrangement maslow believed that any unsatisfied need, irrespective of its level of hierarchy, can be a potential motivation. Similarities between maslow's and herzberg's theory of motivation as they assume that specific needs energize human behavior the main difference between them is that the basis of maslow's theory is human needs and their satisfaction.